Udawalawa National Park and Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage Elephant in Sri Lanka

Udawalawa National park and elephant transit home in Sri Lanka

Udawalawa National park lice on the boundary of Sabaragamuwa and Uva provinces in Sri Lanka. Udawalawa is a small town in Rathnapura district. It is famous because of the elephant transit home.

Udawalawa National Park

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It was founded in 1995. The Udawalawa national park and was established to provided elephants between the age of 1-6 years. It is known as the Eth Athuru Sewana. Udawalawa is the best place in Sri Lanka to see wild Asian Elephants. There are more than 500 elephants in the park. They often roam in herds of up to 100. 

Udawalawa Reservoir

Udawalawa the national park was created to provide a sanctuary for wild animals. It is good for wild animals by the construction of the Udawalawa reservoir on the Walawe river. The reserve covers 30821 hectares of land area. It was established on 30 June.

Eth Athuru Sewana

Eth Athuru Sewana is the first elephant Transit home in Asia. This centre is for wounded or orphans baby elephants. It nourishes them until they are capable of living on their own. Baby elephants are wounded by traps laid by people. Sometimes elephants have gunshot injuries. When the mother elephant dies or is killed by humans the baby elephant was motherless. This centre is for them.

When elephant can live in their own way the centre release them to a national park in Sri Lanka. Udawalawa is one of them. Lunugamvehera national park and Maduruoya national park is also used for elephant releases. Many times number of batches of elephants have been released to the various national parks in Sri Lanka.

 Visiting Time

The visitors can see the elephant in this centre in the morning and evening. All the calves are fed milk through a funnel of a time you can visit it at 9.00 a.m. in the morning.

 Udawalawa as a bird-watching site

Udawalawa the national park is also a good bird watching site. You can see Sri Lankan jungle fowl, brown–capped babbler, red-faced Malkoha, Lanka super fowl and black-capped kingfishers in this park. 

Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage in Sri Lanka

Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage is located in Kegalle District of Sabaragamuwa Province in Sri Lanka. There are 13 kilometres from Kegalle town to this place. The orphanage was established in 1975 by the Sri Lankan Department of Wildlife conservation.
The aim of is orphanage is to simulate a natural habitat for elephants. There are 25 acres for this orphanage. Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage was founded to care for and protect week baby wild elephants found wandering in and near the forest in Sri Lanka. Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage main target was feeding and providing care of a baby elephant. Pinnawela is notable for having the largest herd of captive elephants in the world.

 As a Tourist Attraction place

 The Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage has become a tourist attraction since in 1978. In the year 1982 elephant breeding program was launched. It helps to provide the income of Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage. Visitors can take the view with care and the daily routine of elephants. Sometimes you can see bottle feeding of elephants. Twice a day the elephant travel to Ma Oya to take a bath. There is a pavilion to see that fantastic event. Tourists can observe the bathing elephant from the broad river bank Ma Oya. All elephants can get a natural habit in these bathing times in Ma Oya.

Facilities for elephants 

The female and young elephants range freely as a herd during the daytime. They have a broad coconut plant area of a few acres. So, they can live with their natural habits. At night time the female elephant is individually chained installs. The first baby elephant was born in 1984 in the Pinnawela orphanage. It was good news for the institution.

Food of elephant

Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage is used jack fruit, coconut, kittul, tamarind and grasses for their foods. There are 45 mahouts (handlers) who take care of this animal. They have a good experience in this place. So, visitors can visit elephants without debut

Time to visit an orphanage 

  • Every activity in the orphanage has been planned to a timetable.
  •  Open time -            8.30 a.m.
  •  Closed time -         6.00 p. m.
  •  Bottle feeding-       9.30 a.m., 1.15 p. m.
  •  Fruit feeding          9.00 a. m. - 9.45a.m.
  •  Bathing time          10.a.m. -2.00 p.m. and 2.00p.m -4.00 p.m. 

Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage visiting ticket price

  •  Foreign adult -     LKR 3500.00
  •  Foreign child      -LKR 1750.00
  •  SAARC adult -    1000.00
  •  SAARCK child -  500.00
  •  Local adult -        110.00
  •  Local children  -  30.00
  •  Local children with school uniform-20.00

 Map of Pinnawela

Henry Moore

Henry Moore was born in 1898 in Castleford, Yorkshire city in England. He was a talented artist and a sculpture. Moore was the son of a miner and the seventh of eight children in a family that often struggled with poverty.  He began modeling in clay and carving in woods  which he was studying elementrary school. After he attended Castleford secondary school, he had a good teacher, Alice Gostick. Alice Gostrick broadened Moore’s Knowledge of art.

 In 1921 Moore won a scholarship to study at the royal college of art in London. When he was in London, he visited the British Museum and was inspired by a sculpture from ancient Egypt, Africa and Mexico.  He spent more times  get ideas from the museum. He has said ‘you can learn the history of art from the British museum’. He had drawing the sculpture in the museum and it transforming the shape of rocks and stones into figures.

  Moore was one of the most significant British artists of the 20th century. He was famous for his semi abstracts monumental bronze sculptures. Henry Moore used wood and steel for his sculptures and tested a new method without traditional sculpture art.

Henry Moore had served in the British army during the first world war.   He was injured in 1917 by a gas attack. In the year 1919, he leaves the British army.

 Sculpture of King and Queen

Henry Moore’s artistic skill is displayed well in the sculpture of king and queen and laying women. He set his sculpture as some of the parts. After combined those parts he displays his sculpture well. So many sculptures were done for gardens decoration. 

King and queen is a bronze sculpture by Henry Moore. It was design in 1952.  It depicts two figures, one male and one female. King and queen seated beside each other on a bench. This sculpture displays Moore’s tradition of art not only others. The head of the sculpture is very small than the body. This is Moore’s only sculpture depicting a single pair of adult figures.
Laying women

The sculpture of a woman laying down was created in 1938. It was a recumbent figure. It hasn’t a natural look or size.  Laying women was a simple way of human body and figures looks abstract. It is a work of modern art.

Style of Henry Moore’s art

His sculpture of the human body was displayed with a very simple method.

The head of his sculpture is very small and the body was large.

Compare Moore’s sculpture of a head with a sculpture created around some time by artist Maurice Lambert.

Lots of his sculptures were done of bronze.

Moore’s sculpture might look very different with other sculptures.

He sculptures his art with some parts. After then he combined it and made a great sculpture.

He had got ideas for his sculptures from bones and skulls. It was including a huge elephant skull also. 

Moore made many of his sculptures for Landscape.

His early human figures display very clearly. But later he does not display the natural beauty of the human body. Later he doesn’t display all parts of bodies.

The largest collection of Moore’s work is open to the public in his home in Perry green. It was the home of Moore for 40 years and it was in the 60-acre estate. Now it is Henry Moore’s sculpture centure. This world-famous artist pass awe 31st August in 1986 in perry Green. He was a talented artist in United State.

 Henry Moore Video


 Match, Noiseless and non-explosive match | Janos Irinyi

A match is a tool for starting a fire. Tropically matches are made of small wooden sticks or stiff paper. Janos Irinyi was a Hungarian chemist and inventor of the noiseless and non-explosive match. Matches are called Gini Petti (firebox) in Sri Lanka. 
Wooden matches are packaged in matchboxes made of hardboard paper. It is a very small box that can bring in your pocket of the suite. There are only 50 sticks in the box. One end of the sticks are coated with material that can be ignited by frictional heat gevierated by sticking the match against a suitable surface. The coated end of the match, known as the match ‘head’. It is consisting of a bead of active ingredients and binders; often coloured for easier inspection.
There are two types of matches. They are safe and unsafe. Matches made of wooden sticks are safety more than paper sticks because the fire will not light a lot of time. But the paper sticks are fire sometimes if you are forgetting the fire stop.  How can the sticks give a new way to the world


The SL ART CAFE is an Educational Reference Website. You Can Get Knowledge About Nature, Art Lessons, History, Places, Archaeology, Religious Place and The Great Persons Of The World, From This Site.

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