Gadaladeni Rajamaha Viharaya

Gadaladeni Rajamaha Viharaya

Gadaladeni temple is situated in the Kandy district. Kandy has remained the last Independent capital of Sri Lanka. The city of Kandy is located 116 kilometres from Colombo. Gadaladeni temple is believed to have been built in 1344 AD during the reign of king Buwanekabahu 4th. Gadaladeni the temple has built minister Senadilankara, the order of Rev. Dammakitthi. The main architecture of this temple is Ganeswarachari in south India. This temple was based on a new approach. It is combing both Hinduism and Buddhism.

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This temple building is unique and it was built by Granite except for two Shikars which are built by brick. Three granite columns are arranged In front of the main shrine. They are straight and decorated. The structure of the temple is an evaluated stone plat Form. The roof is also built from a small piece of stone. There is some carvings foot of the building.

There are four standing buddha statue and one seating Buddha statue in the main shrine room. It is one of the large seated Buddha statues under a Makara Thorana. The Makara Thorana is decorated with gods and heavenly bodies. The seated Buddha statue encompasses the unique style of the Buddhist sculpture in the Gampola period. The body was painted in gold while the robe is red in colour. Its position is known as the Dayna Mudra. The rope was worn tightly and clear outlying. The eyes are wide open

There is two main shrine room in the Gadaladeni temple. In the middle of the temple compound is a secondary shrine. Its name is Vijayothpaya. It was constructed after the main shrine by king Parakramabahu v. In this shrine, there is a stupa which 40 feet high. It was built on a square platform. The stupa is covered by a four-sided roof supported by four stone pillars. There are four small matching stupa four sides of the main stupa. That small stupa has Shirin room with a flower pedestal.

The wall and pillars are covered in true south Indian style. There are elephant dancers and other figures. The buildings are full of remarkable stone carvings depicting drummers, dancers, Rabun players, wrestlers and flautists. There are Vamana Rupa also in the building.

There is a small Devala for god Upulwan, inside of the temple. The devala was originally dedicated to the god Varuna. However, the god Vishnu became more popular with devotees the shrine to Varuna was replaced with Vishnu.

Diggeya and Beramaduwa are the other building on this site. Both built of stone and clay with lime and sand plaster. There are traditional Sandakadapahana also here entrance of the building.

Lankathilaka Rajamaha Viharaya

Lankathilaka Rajamaha Viharaya is situated in Rambegamuwa village in Kandy District, Sri Lanka. There are 116 kilometres from the main city of Colombo to this temple. Lankathilaka Rajamaha Viharaya was a ancient temple of Gampola Period. This temple was built by king Buwanekabahu iv in the period of 1341-1351 AD. This project was conducted by minister Senadhilankara. The main architecture of this temple is Istapthirayara in south India.

There is South Indian architectural style in this building. It is combining both Hindu and Buddhism. The temple was based on a new approach. It is said that this image house was constructed as a   four-storied mansion with a height of eighty feet. But today there is only two flour. This temple was redeveloped by king Parakramabahu vi in the Kotte period. At that time the roof was built wooden.

There are the carvings of elephants and pilers thick outer walls of the temple. This temple has two entrances. The main sector in the eastern sector that Buddha image houses area. The next entrance is to the temple of the god. There are both Sinhala and Tamil inscriptions cut into the rock surface on the temple premises. It was described the facilities offered by the temple. There are five small Devala together in the shrine room. It is for God Saman Vibeeshana, Upulwan, Katharagama and God Ghana. It is for Hindu devotees.

There was a Makara Thoron in Infront of the door of the shrine room. as like this, there is another one in the shrine room on the main Buddha statue. It was the largest Buddha statue in this temple under the Makara. The seated Buddha statue encompasses the unique style of Buddhist sculpture of the period. Its position knows as the Dayana Mudra. The body is painted in gold while the robe is red in colour. The eyes of the image were wide open.

   There are two standing Buddha statues in the shrine room while there was a red Handun wooden buddha statue. The wall and ceiling are completely covered in beautiful paintings. The paintings depict the lives of the 24 former Buddha. The ceiling was decorated with an abstract flower design. It seems to Kandyan period art style.  The King Keerthi Sri Rajashingha, Minister Senadhilankara, and suevisi vivarana paintings are mainly among them.

There are two other buildings on this site. The god Dedimunda Devalaya is one of them. The stone traditional Sandakada Pahana is also here entrance of the building.  Lankathilaka temple is one of the cultural heritage of Sri Lanka.

The Embekka Dewalaya

Embekka Devalaya has located in Udunuwara central province in Kandy District. It is near to the Peradeniya town. The Embekka dewalaya

constructed in the 14th century. It is famous for its wooden structure and beautiful intricate wooden carvings. It has built by king 3rd Wickramabahu in Gampola period and It dedicated for the sacred god Kataragama. (Kataragama devio)

The carvings of Embekkha.

The Embekka dewalaya is famous for carvings in wood. The carvings are in two places of this devalaya. They are vahalkada and Dikgeya. There are 10 wooden pillars in Vahalkada and 32 wooden pillars in Dikgeya. 

In the wooden pillars of this Devalaya are carved different patterns of flowers, figures of animals and humans. Many carvings are done in wood during the Kandyan period.   Among the Arts that were developed between the Kandyan period and carvings take a special place.  It is said that the carvings have been done by the artist of Delamada Mulachari.

It has used Gammalu, jak and Na wood. There are more than 128 wood carvings of windows in this place.  The wooden Gammalu tree has used to pillars of Devalaya. There are 32 carved pillars in here. According to the ancient book of Embekka Warnanawa this devil has built in the period of Gampola. Its art structure is similar to the Vijaya nagara art Tradition of India.

Madol kurupawa

Madol kurupawa is a wonderful architectural work in the Embekka is in Dikgeya. The roof of the devalaya is excellent. It has used 26 rafters are supported by a single wooden pin. Madol kueupawa is the special event of the architect in the Gampola period. Embekka devalaya is the best example of wooden carvings in ancient Sri Lankan architects.

Notable Wooden carvings of Embekka

  • Dabble headed eagles  
  • Rope desinence
  • Breastfeeding image
  • A soldier fighting on horseback
  • 64 lotus designs
  • 30 decorative patterns and roof designs
  • Women
  • Birds
  •  The Embekka Dewalaya Map


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